Bulgaria as an EU External Border – Responsibilities, Challenges and Practical Implications in Road Transport Enforcement

Bulgaria as an EU External Border – Responsibilities, Challenges and Practical Implications in Road Transport Enforcement

Trips of third country transport operators through the European Union territory is the highest growth segment of the road freight transport market over the past decade (80% in the period 2004 – 2014). According to an European Commission report of April 2014, 80 percent of all international transport activities within the Union were performed by vehicles registered either in the Member State of loading, or in the Member State of unloading. 20% of transport operations were performed by trucks, registered in a third country (i.e. trips between third countries) compared to 12% in 2004. The share of transport operations between third countries, out of all road freight transport activities, has increased from four to seven percent in the past decade.

Control over the increasing flow of goods vehicles, registered in third countries, represents a major challenge for Bulgaria (a member of Euro Contrôle Route since 2007) because of its status of a border country of the EU. This is the reason for the relatively higher flow of carriages of goods from and to third countries, together with the specific consequential problems. About 1.1 million trucks pass through the country annually. Nearly half of them are from third countries.

Passages of Buses and Trucks through the Territory of Bulgaria in 2012 and 2013

 Source: Customs Agency

  2012
Registration of Vehicles Trucks Buses
  In Out In Out
Bulgaria 374 179 323 121 5 171 13 556
EU 197 915 192 614 6 552 9 278
Third countries 503 605 498 274 8 984 14 949
Total 1 075 699 1 014 009 20 707 23 933

 

  2013
Registration of Vehicles Trucks Buses
  In Out In Out
Bulgaria 424 838 298 213 6 056 10 782
EU 254 230 198 870 9 031 8 692
Third countries 495 459 478 775 9 400 13 334
Total 1 174 527 975 858 24 487 32 808

Notes:

1)       This report does not include the data on Kulata border crossing point up to 09.08.2013, and on the Danube Bridge II Vidin

2)       Term ‘truck’ includes: trucks with two axles, trucks with three or more axles, trucks with a gross weight less than or equal to 3.5 tons including the trailer, and NATO vehicles

3)       Croatia has been reported within EU for both periods.

 

Performed Roadside Checks and Constituted Acts for Committed Violations

in the Period of 2007 – 2013

 

Year Number of Roadside Checks Constituted Acts for Committed Violations
2007 296 419 20 763
2008 321 916 33 762
2009 326 871 21 523
2010 298 659 11 678
2011 268 942 18 459
2012 272 639 19 576
2013 233 215 16 505

Source: Executive Agency Road Transport Administration (EARTA)

Experience of road inspectors shows that the larger truck flow by third countries is a challenge to the control in several areas:

  • Violations related to the use of tachographs
  • Technical malfunctions of vehicles
  • Cargo securing
  • Violations of permit regimes
  • Language problems

 more on next page >>

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